【奧譯言】英國計劃脫歐后放寬對低風險臨床試驗的規定

2019-10-23 11:04 ?閱讀數:251 標簽:

英國政府提議脫歐后放寬對最低風險臨床試驗的監管要求。官員們在一系列改革方案中提出了這一建議,旨在使英國脫歐后處于生命科學領域的領先地位。

 

《藥品和醫療器械法案》的完整內容尚未公布,但政府上周在一份簡報文件中概述了其主要益處和要點。該計劃的首要目標是讓英國走在生命科學行業的前沿,從而縮短患者用上所需藥品的時間,并讓其在治愈罕見疾病方面發揮主導作用。

 

為了實現這些目標,政府計劃“消除最低風險臨床試驗中不必要的官僚作風,鼓勵高效迅速地引進新藥。”即將出臺的歐盟臨床試驗規則因對小型、低風險研究造成過重負擔而在某些方面受到批評。放寬規定的計劃是英國針對醫院簡化創新藥物和診斷器械制造和試驗過程的其中一項內容。

 

政府還希望利用該法案來推動英國藥品和健康產品管理局(MHRA)制定相關法規的進程,幫助企業“在復雜的臨床試驗中開拓新天地”。

 

簡報文件中還提到了其他計劃,包括計劃實施一項阻止假藥進入供應鏈的方案、計劃登記網上零售商以及計劃建立一個可以為立法更新提供支持的框架。政府希望能夠更新生命科學各個方面的立法,以應對患者安全問題以及英國的未來全球關系變化。

 

政府介紹了計劃出臺的《藥品和醫療器械法案》的詳細信息,用于為即將舉行的議會制定立法議程。此次女王演講的發生背景不同尋常,因為是否會就該法案的任何內容進行辯論并予以通過都是一個未知之謎。

 

照目前情況來看,支持政府通過該立法的只占少數,這意味著政府需要依靠反對黨的支持才能將《藥品和醫療器械法案》納入法律。由于觀察人士預計今年或明年將舉行大選,本屆議會通過該立法的可能性進一步降低。如果現政府贏得選舉,則可能將《藥品和醫療器械法案》納入下屆議會的立法議程。


英文原文


UK Plans to Loosen Rules on Low-Risk Clinical Trials in Post-Brexit Shakeup


The United Kingdom government has proposed relaxing the regulatory requirements on the lowest risk clinical trials after it leaves the European Union. Officials made the proposal in a suite of changes intended to make the UK a leading location for life sciences companies after Brexit.

 

Full details of the Medicines and Medical Devices Bill are yet to emerge, but the government sketched out the main benefits and elements in a briefing document this week. The overarching goals of the plan are to put the UK at the forefront of the life sciences industry, thereby cutting the time it takes for patients to access medicines and to give it a leading role in efforts to cure rare diseases.

 

To achieve those goals, the government plans to “remove unnecessary bureaucracy for the lowest risk clinical trials, encouraging the rapid introduction of new medicines.” The outgoing EU clinical trial rules were criticized in some quarters for imposing excessive burdens on small, low-risk studies. The planned loosening of the UK rules is part of a push to make it easier for hospitals to trial and make medicines and diagnostics devices.

 

The government also wants to use the legislation to drive the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to develop regulations to help companies “break new ground in complex clinical trials.”

 

Other plans discussed in the briefing document include the implementation of a scheme to stop fake drugs from entering the supply chain, plans to register online retailers and the creation of a framework that supports the updating of legislation. The government wants the ability to update legislation on all aspects of life sciences in response to patient safety issues and changes to the UK’s future global relationships.

 

The government presented details of the planned bill as part of the Queen’s Speech, which is used to set out the legislative agenda for the upcoming parliament. On this occasion, the Queen’s Speech took place in an unusual context that means it is questionable whether any of the proposed texts will be debated and passed.




來源:RAPS

原文鏈接:https://www.raps.org/news-and-articles/news-articles/2019/10/eu-regulatory-roundup-uk-plans-to-loosen-rules-on

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